Mimarlık. 411 | January-February 2020



On The Draft Law Which Will Bring About the "Canalization" of the Bosphorus! / Esin Köymen

In May 2018, with the provisional addition to Zoning Law no.3194 article.16, development amnesty has been granted to some parts of the Bosphorus Protected Area. By evaluating the recent draft law on the cancellation of the High Coordination Board of the Bosphorus Reconstruction, the writer suggests that it is not difficult to predict how construction in the region will increase rapidly, public areas will be privatized, and property, including forest areas, will change hands rapidly.


Coming to the End in Hasankeyf: Human-Oriented Approaches in Conservation and Cultural Heritage as a Human Right / Pınar Aykaç, Berçem Kaya

In the near future, Hasankeyf - with its 12 thousand years of past - and the Tigris Valley - which is home to many living beings - will be flooded by the Ilısu Dam, which is expected to operate for 50 years after having started to retain water since last summer. The writers tackle the process ensuing after the destruction of the historical bazaar of Hasankeyf (in order to 'move' the historical buildings to a new settlement area designated by TOKİ) so as to discuss the repercussions of the Ilısu Dam project - the construction of which was completed many times - on Hasankeyf and the struggle to stop the project in reference to cultural heritage rights.


"Construction of a City" in the Footsteps of the Lost Dream of the Republic / Zafer Akay

The "Construction of a New City: Ankara 1923-1933" exhibition, which opened to visitors between 13 November 2019 and 26 January 2020, closely examines the history of Ankara's construction in the first decade of its establishment as the capital city of Turkey. The writer examines the narrative of the exhibition -which comprises many intertwined adventures- and explains how the exhibition reveals many details of architecture and urban culture that were previously unknown.


We're on a Long Narrow Road / Deniz İncedayı

The topic of the 10th Congress of Architecture and Education was defined as "Architecture, Professional Development and Education Policies". During the conference's preparation procedures, and in order to discuss issues related to the topic, several workshops were put together: Acceptance to the Profession of Architecture, Continuous Professional Development and Architectural Education Policy in Turkey. The final results of the workshops were discussed in the Congress, which was held on December 13th 2019.


A Different Approach to the Relationship between Building and Urban Space: Yapı Kredi Culture and Art Center (YKKS) / Özen Eyüce

YKKS' "structure stands at the point where the Istiklal Street -which is one of the historical axes of Istanbul, where the adjunct structure order limits public and urban space- becomes a square through its enlarging". The building received the "Building Category" prize given by the 2018 National Architecture Awards, which it won because "it creates a spatial and visual continuity that establishes a synergy between the urban space and the building by bringing the dynamism of the street and the building together with the transparent façade presented to the square, the exposed circulation element and the spatial volume behind this façade and the culture and art-oriented spaces which expand across floors; the architectural attitude that encourages the public use of the structure and creates a social attraction in a urban scale by reinterpreting the square-façade as a gate to the city; shifting 'the urban' and 'the ground floor' relationships to the third dimension and approaching vertical pedestrian movement in a way that it allows the historical street to be experienced from different angles and heights; representing the search for a building which also creates a vertical relationship with the urban as an alternative to the cultural buildings which open their spatial and functional program up to the street densely on the ground floor and by establishing a horizontal relationship throughout the city."

The Complexity of the Simple: The Aşıklı Höyük HV+T Conservation Structure / Nilüfer Baturayoğlu Yöney

The Aşıklı Höyük HV+T Conservation Structure, a candidate for the "Building / Conservation Category Award" at the 2018 National Architecture Awards, is intended to procure the uttermost benefit by intervening the least on the archeological site. Evaluating a structure that doesn't prioritize dominating the field with its presence, the writer draws attention to a design that uses sustainable techniques and is shaped with recyclable materials when necessary.


The ITU Faculty of Business Administration Architectural Project Competition

The competition opened by the Rector's Office of Istanbul Technical University to gather design projects for the faculty to be built in lieu of the Faculty of Business Administration has concluded. The competition -organized in the categories of individual, national and single-stage competition- aimed at highlighting original, qualified and budget design approaches together with the functional and innovative solutions that can shed light on today's architecture; identifying projects and creators who develop a modern environment and design approach; promoting fine arts; improving related professions and sub-disciplines; establishing ethical values; and providing an environment which allows for the teams to gain international competitiveness. Within the scope of the competition, 204 projects were evaluated; 3 awards, 5 honorable mentions, and 4 purchase awards were handed out.


Degrading Medieval Structures: Konya's Mansion of Kılıçarslan II / Zeynep Eres

In this chapter of Cultural Heritage in Danger, a series which began in our 405th issue, Zeynep Eres wrote a piece on Konya's Mansion of Kılıçarslan II.


The Holistic Architecture of Nezih Eldem: The Harbiye Military Museum and Cultural Complex / Namık Erkal

The Military Museum of Harbiye is an important example of Eldem's holistic architectural approach in terms of museums and museology -that should be remembered not only at the national level but also in the international sphere. Paying attention to the detailed, dramatic and strict aspects of Nezih Eldem's design approach -which makes Erdem "a different modernist"- the writer (who is one of the musem's advisors) notes that Eldem's modernism shows both his material and detailed knowledge of the rational academic architecture of the 1940s and the experimental and critical architectural exhilaration of the 1950s and 1960s.


Notes Left From A Displaced City: Yusufeli / Ersin Türk, Aygün Erdoğan

With the completion of the Yusufeli Dam and Hydroelectric Power Plant Project, which was started in 2012 on Çoruh River, the town center, some parts of the villages, the agricultural lands and historical buildings will be submerged by the flood. The writers analyze Yusufeli, where the urban and rural geography has undergone a profound change, with the aims of registering the spatial character of the town center before it becomes flooded in the next few years.

Modern Quests in Urbanism: W. M. Dudok in İzmir / Meltem Ö. Gürel

As a newly established young Republic, perhaps the first steps Turkey took in the name of the modernization of cities was to be procured comprehensive city plans. In this context, although the projects presented by W.M. Dudok after his visit to Izmir were not undertaken, the manifold drawings and documents he left behind in the archives of the Dutch Institute of Architecture open a window to a critical period, contributing to our exploration of intertwined modernization policies and architectural culture.


Looking at New Generation Stadium Designs from a Framework of Sustainability / Nazlı Arslan, Tan Kamil Gürer

It is not a new concept for stadiums, which are hosting masses increasing in numbers, to be handled with sustainable approaches. The guidelines drafted by organizations such as FIFA and UEFA prior to football tournaments, apart from being a guidance for stadium designs, also raise awareness on the topic. The writers take a close look at the guidelines drafted prior to EURO 2020 all the while considering a few recent stadium designs.


A Modern Example in Suadiye: Notes on the Başoğlu House and its Conservation / Mine Esmer, Hayriye İsmailoğlu

In Suadiye, a district which was once one of the "summer resorts" of Istanbul, the remaining examples of the "villa in a garden" typology are facing the threat of destruction. One of these dwellings, which the writers call Başoğlu House, awaits for the necessary steps to be taken to protect it before it falls a victim of urban transformation.

Cultural and Architectural Heritage Lost in Social Memory: The Akçadağ Village Institute in Malatya / Emine Ekinci Dağtekin, Arif Özdemir

The Akçadağ Village Institute, designed as a part of national architectural project competition, is one of the few institute buildings that have survived to the present day with its unique program and its application within geographical boundaries. The writers, describing the building as a social, cultural and spatial refection of Turkey's republican period, draw attention to the importance of the modernization project, which is gradually disappearing in the social memory.


It Could Have Been Real: Simulacro / Duygu Cihanger Ribeiro

With the installation of Simulacro -meaning a copy of a copy- architect Pedro Henrique questions the "idle" or "no-place" qualities of a randomly developed project area around the river, which is located in Santa Maria de Feira, Portugal. The fact that the architect defines the name of the project as "it could have been real" unearths its hope for society to be able to claim it after its interest in the public space - and for this temporary and even volatile space to end up being permanent. The purpose of this hope is to help urban residents to recognize and maintain this disregarded space by using simple, small but impressive design tools within the discipline of architecture.


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