INQUIRY 2003: MİMARLIK Evaluates its Past

* Debate About the ‘Prominent Works’ / Süleyman Boz

* An Essay on “Inquiry 2003: MİMARLIK Evaluates Its Past” / Enis Kortan

Our inquiry into the contemporary architectural works of the 80-year Republican Period of Turkey has created a very important debate in the architectural community. In this issue, Suleyman Boz, one of the members of the Publication Committee, explains his personal insight about the inquiry process and its outcomes. In his essay, Enis Kortan says that the inquiry became a useful tool as it created an inventory of architectural works between the years of 1923-2003 and as it encouraged architects to review the stages experienced by our architecture. However, he remarks, a critical look at these works and especially their value of “contemporaneity” is essential for a positive and healthy development of our architecture.


Architecture and the Exercise of Identity - II:

A Profile of Building Culture in Modern Turkey / Aydan Balamir

Rival in monotony to vernacular modernism in apartment buildings of the 1970s, was the technocratic modernism shaped by the building codes of the Ministry of Public Works. With the infiltration of the postmodern language in 1980s, architects in Turkey indulged in identity exercises along all sources of inspiration, resulting in an uncritical profusion of form and meaning. The growing consumerism built its new temples, with soaring towers and glossy atrium spaces. The expansion of the construction market gave way to a material wealth in the building sector, without much improvement in design and construction qualities. A new vernacular emerged in the genre of antiseptic-hermetic buildings worldwide. Displaying a deceptive hi-tech imagery, these buildings share in fact, a low technological profile confined to RC frame wrapped up with mirrored skins. The sudden liberation from the moral codes of modernism and the exercise of excessive imagery and laissez-faire in architecture, were soon to bring its counter argument, giving way to the growth of architectural criticism and building up of professional integrity.

FILE: Architectural Education 2003

/ editors: Neslihan Türkün Dostoğlu and Cânâ Bilsel

* Architectural Education in Turkey in 2003: An Evaluation of the Current Situation through Numerical Data / Neslihan Türkün Dostoğlu and Cânâ Bilsel

* On the way for the Congress... / Hakkı Önel

* Suggestions Regarding the Accreditation of Architectural Education / Necati İnceoğlu

* Ideas and Actions About the Future of Architectural Education as the Formation of European Higher Architectural Education Area is Underway: HANYA MEETINGS / Nur Çağlar

* The Accreditation of Schools of Architecture in the United States / Ülker Çopur

* A Legal Adventure of Architectural Education / Hasan Kıvırcık

As international relations acquire new dimensions day-by-day, the future of architectural profession and the actions necessary for its progress in the world have become important points of discussion. Architectural education, which is a determining factor for the future of architectural profession, is inevitably a central question in this debate. Harmonization of architectural education to current conditions and encouraging the exchange of teaching members and students among various countries of the world are major efforts both in UIA platforms and within the integration process of the EU. In the case of Turkey, the harmonization of education institutions to EU standards and the development of accreditation processes for the schools of architecture are on the agenda.

Attempting to draw a general and objective picture of architectural education in Turkey, Cânâ Bilsel and Neslihan Türkün Dostoğlu evaluate the current situation in architectural education benefiting from the numerical data obtained from the departments of architecture of the universities in Turkey and the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus. The lack of qualified academic staff in many of these architectural education environments shows that the ever-increasing number of these departments in Turkey does not assure the quality of education.

The articles of Hakkı Önel and Necati İnceoğlu mention the targets and processes in the work carried out by the Accreditation Commission, towards the Architecture and Education Congress-II. Nur Çağlar makes a brief summary about the discussions that occupied the agenda of the European Association of Architectural Education EAAE, while Ülker Çopur writes about the recent arrangements regarding architectural education in the United States. Finally, the article of Hasan Kıvırcık provides a brief overview about legal arrangements previously came to the agenda concerning the architectural education and the debates that have taken place at various platforms of the Chamber of Architects of Turkey.


Stereo-type Plans for Primary Education Schools: Cooperation Between the Turkish Ministry of National Education and Universities (1998-2000)

Following the new education model adopted in Turkey, which brought into force 8-year compulsory primary education, the Ministry of National Education asked from the architecture departments of some universities to produce stereo-types for primary education school buildings to suit for this purpose. In this framework, around 25 stereo-types, including school buildings, boarding schools and some other services for varying numbers of students were produced. The drawings and brief reports of these projects are published with an aim of documentation which will pave way for critical debate on the method and conditions of this process.


Celebrations for the Great Gaudi:

A Remark on Entrance-Space and the Concept of Building / Erhan Karaesmen

Catalan architect Antonio Gaudi was commemorated throughout the world during the year 2002, on the 150th anniversary of his birth. The biggest celebrations were held in Barcelona, the city that reflects his architectural activities the most. Erhan Karaesmen, who participated in some unique meetings within the framework of celebrations held in Barcelona, makes a brief summary of Gaudi’s life and the essence of his works, especially including the temples of Güell Colony and Sagrada Familia.


* Berlin, the City of Industrial Revolution - II:

A Glance at the Urban Development Process / Cihan Arın

* “The Urban Development of Berlin and Ankara” Seminar:

Interview with Christoph Sattler / Selcen Tuncer

Following the first part published in our last issue, which mentioned formative years of Berlin with the coexistence of socialist and capitalist system, in the second part Cihan Arın focuses on the development process of the city, up until the urban policies of today. In the interview, Christoph Sattler, the winner of the urban design competition opened for the Potsdam and Leipzig Squares in Berlin, answers the questions of Selcen Tuncer about current urban re-structuring policy for the Berlin city center and the criticism about the ongoing project led by him and his partner.

English and Turkish translations by Tuğçe Selin Tağmat

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