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    Editör: Ayşen Ciravoğlu



MİMARLIK . 350 | November-December 2009


Call for the 2010 / 12th Cycle of National Architecture Exhibition and Awards

The exhibition and awards program is an exemplary institutional initiative that brings architectural profession and culture into the agenda of Turkey. A selection among the projects that are nominated for the award or the award winning projects are further to be elected to represent Turkish architecture internationally. The 12th cycle of National Architecture Exhibition and Awards ceremony is going to take place in Ankara, on 16th April 2010.


Mualla Eyuboğlu / Cengiz Bektaş

Mualla Eyuboğlu, who was one of the leading woman architects in Turkey, died on 15th August 2009. After graduating from the Academy of Fine Arts in Turkey in 1942, she worked as an architect, chief engineer and teacher in Village Institutes. A dedicated believer to the republican ideology, her life is full of respectful achievements in the fields of archaeological excavations, restoration of historical monuments and in her active participation in various conservation boards. Due to the monumental figure, she professed along her extensive, vivid, productive professional and intellectual career, she received the 'Special Jury Award' in 2008 National Architecture Exhibition and Awards' Achievement Prize in Contribution to Architecture. We commemorate Mualla Eyuboğlu with the words of Cengiz Bektaş.

After Demirtaş Ceyhun / Arif Şentek

We have lost Demirtaş Ceyhun on 29th July 2009. He was one of the leading figures in the politically active period of the Chamber of Architects after 1965. He was well-known for the active roles he partook in various professional and social organisation groups, his leadership in many organs similar to the one in the Chamber of Architects and his involvement with journalism, literature and with left wing political agendas. He also worked as the secretary of the editorial board of the publications committee of the Chamber of Architects between the years 1969-71 and was the editor in chief of MİMARLIK for issues between 72- 89. Arif Şentek shares his memories with Demirtaş Ceyhun.

Two Architects That Have Left their Mark on the 20th Century: Louis Kahn and Frank Lloyd Wright / Edited by Mustafa M. Mazıoğlu

The year 2009 was the anniversary of the death of two most important figures of the modern architecture, namely Louis Kahn and Frank Lloyd Wright. Kahn, who felt obliged for the betterment of the world and future, created a unique order and a formal synthesis with his architecture that is directed by personal and social interests, distanced from fashion trends. Kahn has attained social acclaim and trust through his work that never lose its desire to be genuine and distinctive. On the other hand Wright, who had started his architectural career with building his own house, continued designing in numerous houses, trade, education and public buildings. Evolving around the dictum of 'change' and 'innovation', his architecture which stems from disparate solutions each time, brought out a revolutionary vision to the profession. When Kahn, who was born in Estonia in 1901, died in the age of 73, and when Wright, who was born in US in 1867, died in the age of 92, they left behind the most significant buildings of American modernism.

FILE: Starting from Zero

Editor: Ayşen Ciravoğlu

The file questions the notion of 'starting from zero' in the scale of habitation and cities. It raises questions such as: Can we discuss the evolution, problems and the potentials of cities that are built upon the concept of 'new', in an era where we struggle preserving the settlements with historical heritage and have trouble coping with the new demands of the age? What are the stories of the settlements, which were founded on the stimulating spirit of modernism, or which have tried to bring forth a fresh understanding to the idea of local, or which have aimed totally to preserve ecological and natural resources? How cities were rebuild after they become completely desolate, due to uncontrollable conditions generated by immigration, war, natural disaster and security. Furthermore what would the generic cities of the period, when starting from zero was accepted as the new generative idea, would have been if they were realised?


Designing the Government Office of Denizli and its Environment Architectural and Urban Design Competition

Announced by the governorship of Denizli in June 2008 the competition aimed to achieve a project for the building of the government office, which will present a respectful approach towards the architectural, historical and cultural values of the Denizli region. Added to that the competition asked for the planning of the surrounding 53 thousand m2 space, which also includes in itself the government building, as a public space that is planned in accordance with the surrounding landmarks and provides a common usage both day and night to the citizens. After the evaluation of 93 projects submitted to the competition, the jury selected 3 awards, 5 mansion prizes and 11 purchase prize.


Notes from the Colloquium of Government Office of Denizli Architectural Competition / Edited by Zeynep Öktem

The colloquium of Government Office of Denizli and its Environment Architectural and Urban Design Competition and the awards ceremony took place in Denizli, on the 3rd October 2009. The discussions in the colloquium pointed to the importance of disregarding the external interferences that may hinder the actual application process of the building and obstruct the genuine qualities of the winning project. The discussion also focused on the common problems that occur from the collaboration of architect-urban planner and landscape architect in multidisciplinary competitions.


An Architectural Analysis on Hereke Fabrika-i Hümayunu and Advices for its Preservation / Elif Özlem Aydın Oral, Yusuf Utkaner

The region Hereke became a well-known international brand in the tradition of weaving. The role that Hereke Silky Fabric and Carpet Factory play in this story is undeniable. Added to this the factor is also one of the few examples that still exist in terms of the scale of the settlement that presents insight to industrial Ottoman archaeology. After its privatisation in 1995, the production was partially stopped and the buildings in the complex were left unattained, yet they managed to survive till today, sustaining the genuine architectural characteristics that also shelter the original industrial equipment within. The spatial configuration of the complex and its inner relations within the whole are still visible although the ownership of each building was dissociated. The author argues that in order to prolong the existence of the buildings in the complex, new functions has to be defined for the buildings regarding their value as cultural documents of a certain period in history.


Public - Public Place - Public Buildings - Public Space:

A Discussion on Terminology of Pre- and Post- Modernity / Neşe Gürallar

Starting with references to the etymology of the word 'public', the author questions the differences in the conception of the term from an historical perspective. There seem to be certain differences that are usually disregarded between the conception of the term when used in reference to pre-modernity or in reference to other contemporary meanings. It is a fact that the use of the term 'public' in the architectural literature in Turkey got more common along with the rise in the discussions on the notion of 'public space'. It is also the same years that we started to come across to the books by Hannah Arendt, Jürgen Habermas and Richard Sennett as translated in Turkish. The author points to the fact that what is public doesn't always mean something that belongs to public and therefore the references of the term should be constricted or maybe redefined according to different contexts.


Two Different Examples of the Modern Architecture of 1960's: Bergama Tusan and Selçuk Tusan Motel / Gökçeçiçek Savaşır, Zeynep Tuna Ultav

Upon an invitation from the Directorate General of Tourism in 1960s, Tursan Tourism Trade Cooperation built a series of hotels in Bergama, Selçuk, Çanakkale, Pamukkale, Ürgüp and two hotels in Kuşadası. Among this chain of touristic buildings there are two motels, namely Bergama and Selçuk Tusan, which are not in use today, are actually noteworthy examples of international style that left unnoticed in Turkey. Due to the similarities in the way these two buildings relate to the geographical, historical and architectural context and common adventures in the process of their design, application and usage, the authors choose to match up the stories of the two. As both buildings stand idle and left to decay today, the sooner an initiative towards their documentation and preservation take on stage, the better.


Two New Books on Cross-cultural Interplay in Modern Turkish Architecture / Elâ Kaçel

There are two recent publications that present detailed analysis on German and Australian architects, who had assigned to work in Turkey from 1927's onwards and who had noteworthy contributions to the foundation of modern architecture in the young republic. The book from Burcu Doğramacı, "Cultural Transfer and National Identity", published in German in 2008, and the book from Esra Akcan "Modernity in Translation" is published this year.

The author by comparing these two significant resources on the Republican period, emphasises that they both have 'a say' in the topic of modern Turkish architecture, as the approaches put forward by these two books not only enrich the existing narrations on the historical context but also criticise and discuss the methods of historiography.


Worship Space and its Staircase / Gürhan Tümer

"I saw it while travelling from Kalkan to Kaş, in a place called Çobanlar. It was a worship, a praying space. It was a small structure, built for travellers, who hit the road to go somewhere, yet couldn't reach their destination when the time of pray arrived. It had a small fountain underneath for ablution, a flat surface on the top for performing the salaat and a staircase attached next to it. The way it stands alone, without any visitors or prayers, makes one feel sad for this small worship space. [...] With its fountain, flat salaat platform and its stairs the worship space was standing right there, who knows for how many years more."


English Summary by Derin İnan

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