Mimarlık. 415 | September-October 2020


A City with Open Wounds: Beirut / H. Tarık Şengül

The writer, in the aftermath of the explosion in Beirut that destroyed an important part of the historical center and port, and left hundreds of thousands of people without a home, notes that “the sectarian social and political patterns which stigmatize Beirut and Lebanon, in the process of clashing with each other in order to reclaim Beirut”, they are destroying, to a significant extent, “not only each other, the infrastructure and the urban environment, but also the social and bureaucratic infrastructure”.


Protecting and Presenting Hagia Sophia, World Heritage Site / Zeynep Ahunbay

Hagia Sophia, which has continued to exist in Istanbul ever since the 6th century, possesses universal importance as a shared heritage of humanity. The writer, who emphasizes the aspect of the structure as a multilayered cultural asset, draws attention to the importance of the historical structures’ “collective” participation in humanity.

Discussions on Conservation / Destruction of the 100. Yıl Çarşısı and A Proposal for a Holistic Approach to Ulus Historic City Center / Elif Selena Ayhan Koçyiğit, Leyla Etyemez Çıplak, Yiğit Acar

In the aftermath of the decision unanimously taken by the Metropolitan Municipality Board within the scope of the Project of Regeneration of Ulus Historic City Center, it was announced that the tender for the demolition and the return of recycled materials has been assigned. The writers, participating in the workgroup created after the decision, emphasize that “any kind of intervention that could take place” should be “respectful of the site’s authentic character and integrity, of the values that define it, and the transformation that it has undergone during the historical process”.

The Fragmentation of Urban Identity: The Demolition of the Bomonti Beer Factory / Ayşe Ceren Güler

A part of the Bomonti Beer Factory, which is a century-old industrial heritage that has given its district its name, has been erased from the city’s memory by fragmentation regardless of the integral value of the complex. The writer emphasizes that “the proposals aimed at demolishing and replacing historical structures with copies” could obliterate the historical, urban and social development of the targeted site.


The Torbalı Municipality Municipal Service Building Marketplace and Parking Space and Its Neighborhood National Architectural Competition

The Architectural Competition that was opened by the Torbalı Municipality’s Directorate Of Reconstruction And Urban Development in order to obtain versatile, authentic and functional projects with the aim of creating a new urban center in the town of Torbalı. The proposals were expected to meet the need for indoor parking together with the Torbalı Municipal Service Building, provide a market place for one day of the week whilst serving as an urban square for the remaining six days of the week. 105 projects were evaluated, 3 awards and 3 honorable mentions were given in the competition, which was organized as a freelance, national and single-stage evaluation.

Competition for Urban Design Projects for the Bakırköy Cumhuriyet (Özgürlük) Square and Immediate Surroundings

The urban design project competition organized by the Metropolitan Municipality of Istanbul has come to an end. It was opened with the objective of enabling the construction of a public area endowed with the potential to promote urban organizations as a site for the production of independent policies, open to widening the power of imagination and participation, and to reinforce the feelings of belonging that have been progressively lost in Bakırköy. In the competition - freelance, national and single-stage - 27 projects were taken into consideration, 3 equivalent prizes were given, as well as 5 honorable mentions.

National Competition of Ideas for Meserret Street, Merkezefendi Municipality

The competition for ideas opened for Meserret Street has come to an end. It was opened with the objectives of designing a meritable and lively open public space, endowed with the highest spatial qualities; contributing to the urban living environment with the potential for a secure, comfortable use during both day and night; taking into consideration the effects of the urban landscape; and promoting the urban culture with proposals of public use and programs intended for diverse artistic and cultural performances. The competition - freelance, national and single-stage - was organized in two categories. In the professional category, in which 28 projects were taken into consideration, 3 equivalent prizes were given; in the student category, in which 18 projects were taken into consideration, 3 prizes and 4 encouragement awards were given.

Competition for the Rearrangement of Fethiye Street, Izmit Municipality

The project competition, opened with the aim of rearranging Fethiye Street – which was pedestrianized - and its junction points, has come to an end. The competition aimed to obtain projects that can enable the city’s integration of art and design; new ideas in line with contemporary urban living conditions; and the production of urban public open spaces with high spatial qualities. The competition - freelance, national and single-stage - took into consideration 57 projects, 3 equivalent prizes and 3 honorable mentions were given.


Limits and Ruptures: Looking at Criticisms in Architecture through Capitalism / Berna Göl

The writer, focusing on the capitalist relationships of production in Turkey’s architectural milieu from two different critical branches, ponders the limits of criticism in architecture by bringing together discussions that range from the criticism of capitalism in architecture to the reflexivity or architecture.


Urbanization by Destruction: Rethinking Destruction-Oriented Urban Interventions / Melek Pınar Uz Baki, Burcu Ateş

The writers, focusing on the act of "destruction", which is used as a disciplinary tool by the government in interventions regarding urban development and transformation, instead of the act of “making”, which is focused on different texts that bring forward the urbanization phenomenon, attempt to present a new conceptualization opportunity by introducing the concept of "urbanization by destruction".


The Values of the Cultural Heritage in need for Preservation of École des Soeurs / The Fevzi Çakmak Primary School in Antakya / Mert Nezih Rifaioğlu

The writer focuses on the École des Soeurs (Nuns’ School), built during the period of French mandate as an educational institution in Antakya, and which is unique because it continues to function as a school (Fevzi Çakmak Primary School) to this very day, in order to shed light on the cultural heritage values of the building that are in need of preservation.


The Absolute Relationship of Cinema and Architecture with Space: A Clockwork Orange / Gülçe Sözen, Esin Boyacıoğlu

Stanley Kubrick’s A Clockwork Orange, which is nowadays considered a cult film, is remarkable because of its success in reflecting the perception of the 1960s and 1970s English architecture and modernity. The writers, who follow the tacit messages given throughout the film’s narrative, draw attention to the architectural geography discovered for the exposition of the film thanks to Kubrick’s spatial choices, and the use of such geography in order to strengthen the film’s own story.


A Problem / Question Preserving Its Relevancy: What’s Happening in Istanbul’s Land Walls?

/ Elifnaz Durusoy Özmen

In this chapter of Cultural Heritage in Danger, a series which began in our 405th issue, Elifnaz Durusoy Özmen wrote a piece on the land walls of Istanbul.


Commemorative Power of Urban Voids / Mehmet Saner

When we think of “entities” in need of preservation that are parts of urban history, the first thing which comes to mind is that they need to “exist” physically; however, their absences are also concepts which must be preserved and kept alive. 9 years have passed since the attack which took place in September 11th, 2001. How should the urban void created by the destruction of the World Trade Center be filled and how would its place be shaped in collective memory became important points of discussion afterward a quite successful project was materialized. The writer, by looking at the topic through perspectives on preservation, deals with the effect created in the whole of the city and its citizens by the keeping alive and non-erasure of an imagery which has disappeared yet has a place in the urban memory.


Heliomorphism: About Shadows, Through Shadows, Against Shadows / Gizem Deniz Güneri Söğüt

The fundamental principles focused on sun/shadow/light, which are quite closely connected to the practices of architectural and urban design, are expected to find an answer to the spatial responses in the framework of the urbanite’s demands for and pursuits of the sun. Following this logic the writer discusses the practices of urban production, from the past to the future, within the scope of the concept of heliomorphism.


The Station Street in Sivas as a Prestigious Urban Extension of Modernism: A Historiographical Reading of Spatial Narratives / Pınar Koç

The “Station Streets”, built on railway premises, appear to us as the main subject of the urban transformation in the early Republican period. The writer focuses on how Sivas’ traditional urban pattern changed starting with the 30s by means of Station Street; on the rational transformation in the urban space; and on the spatial analysis of the artery created with the street.


The Urban Layers in the Senses: EGG / Burcu Kaplan

The writer, focusing on the installation “EGG”, the first work of Alberto Garutti installed permanently in Milano in 2012, draws attention to the features contributing to the creation of a square that is not merely a physical meeting point, but also a place where we can stop and listen to the city, through a technique which aims at going beyond the structure’s visual and physical nature.

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