351
OCAK-ŞUBAT 2010
 
MİMARLIK'TAN

MİMARLIK DÜNYASINDAN

  • Kargı Köyü
    Mehmet Emin Yılmaz, Y. Mimar, Restorasyon Uzmanı

YAYINLAR



KÜNYE
İNGİLİZCE ÖZET / ENGLISH SUMMARY

MİMARLIK . 351 | January-Febuary 2010

EVENTS

Space within a Space in the Works of Sarkis/ Burçe Gürsel

One of the leading figures in contemporary art, Sarkis Zabunyan’s conference on the “Architectural Space in my Work” took place in the modern art museum of İstanbul, İstanbul Modern. Focusing on how architectural designs actually affect his art the artist also emphasised the philosophical interaction between his works and architecture. The conversation developed around the mutual relations the work of Sarkis sets with the surrounding space.

EVENTS

Post-impressions from Ekistiks Conference 2009 / Zeynep Esengil

The concept “ekistik”, meaning “the science of human settlements”, was first promoted by a Greek urban planner Doxiadis. The World Society for Ekistics WSE, which was formed afterwards, is a non-political and non-religious body with limited membership, formed to study human patterns of living and their physical expressions. WSE organizes a meeting every year in a different country. This year the meeting took place in Antalya, with 30 participants selected form member countries. The author shares her impressions on the meeting.

EVENTS

“Social Forum of Architecture” is to be Organised in Ankara in 2010 / Fatih Söyler

Social Forum of Architecture is planned to be organised in October 2010 in Ankara. A preparatory workshop with a theme of “experiences” was organised in Ankara in October 24th-26th 2009, in order to present the issues and the work that have been ongoing at international platforms. Leandro Artur Anton from Brasil, Pranab Kishore Das from India, Vassilis Sgoutas from Greece and Yonca Hürol from Turkish Republic of North Cyprus were among the participants to the meeting.

EVENTS

11th International İstanbul Biennial / Nazlı Gürlek

The conceptual theme of the 11th International Istanbul Biennial, “What Keeps Mankind Alive” was inspired from the song, which was first put forward in the famous play of Bertolt Brecht in collaboration with Kurt Weill exactly eighty years ago, naming “On the Threepenny Opera”. To the curators of the Biennial, taking Brecht as a starting position for developing the Biennial concept, was an attempt to think about the role of artistic endeavour in the conditions of contemporary capitalism, re-evaluating our everyday practices, our value systems and modes of operation. This year's İstanbul Biennial searched for art beyond art and a political performance beyond parties. In that sense “What Keeps Mankind Alive?” was a means to use given parameters of the biennial format to question the potential of a mainstream cultural institution and to challenge dominant social frameworks.

EVENTS

Call for UIA 2011 Tokyo World Congress of Architecture: Theme: “Design2050” / Deniz İncedayı

Following the 2005 İstanbul and 2008 Torino Congresses the next UIA World Congress of Architecture will be held in Tokyo, Japan in September 2011. The theme of the congress is decided as “Design 2050”, which will provide participants to design future in the light of current problems, political approaches and architectural policies. It thus aims to provide an opportunity to exchange views of a sustainable architecture and share common visions of architecture with other disciplines, such as arts and sciences, so as to help to explore a new direction for the world’s cities and environment in the immediate future.

STUDENT COMPETITIONS

Student Competitions as a Means in the Process of “Socialising Architecture” / Nuray Bayraktar

The Chamber of Architects of Turkey supports a work field in establishing the means of strengthening the relations between society and architecture/ architect and discussing the idea of public in wider field of architecture. Competitions related to the planning of places with symbolic value, significant to the city and which call for the participation of students with diverse disciplinary backgrounds, are regarded as significant tools for bringing architecture and society together. With this regard two competitions were announced in the year 2009. The first being the Planning of Kızılay Public Square and its Environment National Design Ideas Competition, which was opened by the Ankara Branch of the CAT in the scope of the “Urban Dreams” (Kent Düşleri) competition series. The second was the planning of the Karaköy Port and its Environment National Design Ideas Competition, organised by the İstanbul Metropolitan Branch of the CAT.

FILE: “Quality/ Competence and Amenability” in Architecture and its Education

Architecture and Education Assembly, organised by the Chamber of Architects in every two years, was held in İstanbul Kültür University in November 11-13th 2009, with the theme “Quality/ Competence and Amenability”. In the first assemblies, the main intentions were directed towards defining current problems, documenting the evaluations made upon these problems and coming up with possible solutions. However today the Architecture and Education Assemblies have wider aims and thus are not merely briefing meetings, but are discussion platforms where there is always a great effort to arrive at certain decisions. The preparation process, which have started in 1999 and followed by the Assembly in 2001 titled as “What Kind of Future, What Kind of Architecture?”, aim to serve for three major objectives:

  • To be able to present a free and amenable platform, where all actors, institutions and organisations within the architectural environment can gather together and form out a mutual understanding with the realities of our country, free of any constraints;
  • Achieving a national consensus and commitment through the conglomeration of the outcomes from the meetings and translate these inventive ideas to the fields of education and profession;
  • To be able to turn this declared consensus into a political ideology.

It is believed that when all the issues that are covered and discussed comprehensively in the assemblies and when all the contributions from various bodies, including academies, students, professional and civil workers and all the intellectual labour that is produced in this common platform, can find a way to get translated into the physical world, it will open up new agendas as well as can be a palpable step towards achieving a level of quality in the field of architecture.

ETHICS IN ARCHITECTURE

Rights and Wrongs of the Profession: Afterthoughts on UIA and ACE Documents / Güven Birkan

Just like in any other professions, the decisive criteria which direct our preferences and decisions in the profession of architecture, are mostly stem from personal judgements of value, conscience and ethical principles. The author while evaluating the ethical principles defined in the documents of UIA and ACE, also coveys his ideas on the regulations set by the Chamber of Architects of Turkey on the issue. He further stresses the need for instructive documents prepared for the use of employers and users on how to collaborate with the architect.

COMPETITION

Sercive Building and Cultural Centre for the Municipality of Kadirli

Situated by the entrance to the city on the Kadirli-Adana motorway as well as neighbouring the Savrun stream, the area opened for planning in the scope of the competition was expected to be designed as a recreational area for the use of the local population. The competition also aimed to achieve a project, which will contribute to the current urban identity of the city and influence its feature development. Among the 136 projects submitted to the competition the jury evaluation resulted in three awards and 5 mansions.

ARCHITECTURAL CRITICISM

Pachacamac House / Murat Çetin

The house designed for a philosopher couple for their retirement by Luis Longhi, an architect from Peru, is situated in a steep hill in Pachacamac village of the city Lima that lies in the coastline of Peru. The author interprets the approach of the architect where creativity lies in discovering poetic abyss within the nature rather than in generating objects that dominate nature.

RURAL SETTLEMENTS

Kargı Village / Mehmet Emin Yılmaz

This new section of the magazine aims to focus on the authentic rural settlements of Turkey, discover villages that accommodate discreet examples of local architecture and value information on the fabric of historical cities that remained unknown until now. The first article brings out Kargı, a village of Beypazarı of Ankara, which deserves special attention due to the genuine fabric it still preserves today.

ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN

“User Oriented” Processes in Architectural Design/ Zehra Ersoy

The author evaluates the “user oriented design” processes resulted as a counter attack and criticism towards the general standards, manifestations of architecture and imperious attitude in the process of design. In her view the conglomerated knowledge produced in academies are often confined solely in academic fields and therefore the course of design and its application, which should be founded on this conglomerated knowledge are left to be the “weakest link” in most of the practices ongoing in Turkey.

ARCHITECTURE OF THE REPUBLICAN PERIOD

Two Significant Buildings for the Education of Young Woman of the Early Republican Period: İsmet Paşa Girls’ Institute and Girls’ High School / Leyla Alpagut

One of the significant roles in the modernisation project, developed in the light of Kemalist principles in the Early Republican period was the identity and figure of women in the society. The necessary organisation and education of women, who had important responsibilities in this social transformation was achieved by means of these girls’ schools. Contemporary educational programmes and modern buildings of these schools were often referred in the literature of the period. The article evaluates the two girls’ schools that were built in Ankara in this respect by the Swiss architect Ernst Egli.

BOOK REVIEW

“Designating Local Architectural Qualities in Rural Settlements” Project and Ideas on Research and Propositions over the Example of Kayseri / Halit Yaşa Ersoy

The project run by the Ministry of Public Works and Settlements in order to assess local architectural qualities in rural settlements was started in Kayseri and is planned to extend in order to cover other cities that preserve their genuine fabric in Turkey. The outcomes of the Kayseri project were collected in 6 books, which besides on site monitoring, will act as a guide for the future development of the project by the propositions it presents that stem from the research outcomes and experiences.


MEA ARCHITECTURA MEA CULPA

A Linen and a Few Sticks / Gürhan Tümer

For some people, just as a regular letter written to be given to the municipality is not a piece of literary work, a shelter made for protecting cars from sun also is not a piece of architecture. […] My definition of architecture however is much wider and inclusive. Such that, for me architecture can start with putting a stick somewhere in middle of a vast desert; and what’s more if someone will qualify it as “axis mundi”. I have seen some people on the way to Kaş-Kalkan, who have stuck a few sticks into the sand, stretched a piece of linen to those sticks and sat underneath. They probably aimed to protect themselves from the sun, lay over the sand and maybe eat something underneath that structure. Isn’t all this architecture, or not?

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